Smaller centres also participated in the mass action

Cosatu’s call for mass action against labour-broking and e-tolling appeared to have also been heeded outside major centres.

The protests were largely peaceful, with no incidents reported to Cosatu in the centres contacted.

Twelve thousand people joined protests in Mafikeng, said Cosatu spokesman Kopano Konopi.

“The marches are going very well in the North West,” he said.

In Newcastle, 10,000 people attended the march, said Cosatu spokesman Bheki Kubeka.

In East London, 5000 people joined the protest, said Mandla Rayi from Cosatu’s local office.

“It’s been very positive. We’re looking forward to hearing the response from government and business,” he said.

Another 5000 people marched in Thohoyandou, where memorandums were handed over to Absa, First National Bank, and Standard Bank, said Mashudu Maboho from Cosatu.

In Kimberley, Cosatu spokesman Anele Gxoyiya said 4000 people turned out for the march.

The same number was recorded in Richards Bay, said Cosatu spokesman Mandla Mgomezulu.

“The support has been amazing. We expected 2500 people,” he said.